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Henry Atkinson Papers, 1825-1866

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Identifier: A0064

Title: Henry Atkinson Papers, 1825-1866


The United States government sent a military expedition up the Missouri River from St. Louis to the mouth of the Yellowstone River in 1825. The purpose of the expedition was to make treaties with all adjacent tribes, with the goal of protecting and stimulating the fur trade of the northwest. General Henry Atkinson, representing the military, and Major Benjamin O'Fallon the Indian Department, were appointed the commissioners by the president to carry out the treaty-making program. The journey up the Missouri River was completed without serious accident. On August 17 they arrived at the mouth of the Yellowstone where they established a temporary post called Camp Barbour. The expedition had been successfully carried out without the loss of men or boat. Treaties were completed with all the Indian tribes with whom they came in contact and the purposes of the expedition were achieved.

Papers include the original journal, a photocopy of the original journal, and correspondence relating to the journal. The authorship of the journal is a matter of conjecture. That Atkinson or O'Fallon did not write it is indicated by the fact that it refers to them by name, and the author of the journal refers to himself in the first person, and, while writing a formal journal, occasionally adds a few words giving his personal opinion of the events related. The journal is very carefully done and the details of the movement of the troops, mileage, and other data are given.

3 folders; 1 volume

Cite as: Henry Atkinson Papers, Missouri History Museum Archives, St. Louis.

Rights: UND


Dates: 1825-1866

Type(s): Documentary Artifacts


Subjects: Fur trade
West (U.S.)
Discovery and exploration
Indians of North America
Armed Forces


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